The female cycle and the skin – how is it influenced by hormones?

Your skin is your body's protective layer. It shields him from negative environmental influences, regulates his temperature and even absorbs oxygen for him. Your largest organ not only reacts to the outside world, but is also significantly influenced by your hormone balance. Most people really start noticing this during puberty, when the skin becomes oilier and pimples and blackheads start to form.

Every female cycle goes through four phases in which different hormones play the dominant role. The associated fluctuations can lead to blemishes, which are completely normal and therefore cannot be completely avoided. With the right care, however, you can provide your skin with the nutrients it needs at the moment and counteract pimples and blackheads.

 

Why are your hormones responsible for oily skin?

Androgens such as testosterone are sex hormones that control many important processes in your body. Everyone produces them - regardless of their gender. During puberty, the body begins to produce more androgens than before. They dock to the receptors of the sebaceous glands, which are located in the skin and secrete an oily substance. They moisturize the skin and at the same time eliminate waste products from the body.

During puberty, the sebaceous glands enlarge. If androgens dock here, they promote increased sebum production, which makes the skin look greasy. If the glands become blocked, pimples and blackheads can form. The more androgens the body produces, the more active the sebaceous glands become. Especially between the ages of 15 and 35, they work at full speed. After that, sebum production decreases, which is why many older people suffer from dry skin.

 

How does sebum production change in the menstrual cycle?

During a cycle (which is the period between the first day of your period and the last day before your next period), varying amounts of the hormones testosterone and estrogen are constantly being produced. It has not yet been possible to prove whether and how the fluctuations in estrogen affect the skin. In any case, very high doses of the hormone suppress the activation of the sebaceous glands and thus reduce the production of sebum.

Many women report that their skin is oilier and more blemished in the days leading up to and during their period. Pimples and blackheads are now more common and the skin tone appears shinier. In the so-called luteal phase (this is the time between your ovulation and your period) the testosterone level in your body increases. This activates the sebaceous glands and promotes sebum production. Estrogen is produced in lower amounts than before during this phase.

The increased sebum can now mix with dead skin cells inside the glands and clog the pores. If this happens more often, acne occurs, which is observed by many women and is also known as menstrual acne. Bacteria, which cause the typical red spots of inflammation, can now settle in the clogged pores.

Impure skin before and during the period usually only affects women who tend to have oily skin anyway. Women with dry skin often report not noticing a noticeable difference in their cycle phases.

 

Skin problems in PCOS

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that affects about five to ten percent of all women of childbearing age. In many cases, this is accompanied by an increased androgen level, which is why those affected often suffer from hormone-related acne. Hormones are particularly vulnerable to imbalances in women with PCOS, which can make acne worse.

Those affected are often prescribed to take a hormonal contraceptive. The pill contains synthetic estrogen that is used to suppress ovulation. If you do not ovulate, the testosterone level does not increase afterwards, which can reduce acne. However, oral contraceptives only help if your skin blemishes are actually caused by hormones. Other causes can be stress, your diet, or your genetics.

 

The four phases of the menstrual cycle

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Many women don't know that their menstrual cycle is divided into four phases. For example, they change when the period starts or on the day of ovulation. With each phase comes a different production of estrogen, testosterone and progesterone, changing the needs of your skin. We will show you how you can support them with our products and provide them with the active ingredients they now need in every phase. Because every woman is different and menstrual cycles vary in length, the timings below are for illustrative purposes only.

 

The menstrual phase (day 1-5)

The menstrual phase begins – as the name suggests – on the first day of your period. In this part of the cycle, the hormones estrogen and progesterone drop, which often makes you feel listless and listless. The reduced progesterone production causes fewer new blemishes. In the menstrual phase, however, you can still see the pimples and blackheads on your face that formed in the previous phase and first have to heal.

Since the production of estrogen is also reduced, your skin is now drier and can be prone to redness. the Peria Booster provides your skin with much-needed moisture during the menstrual phase. Omega 3, 6 and 9 reduce inflammation and help your skin to heal impurities from the last phase faster. Vitamin A accelerates cell renewal and promotes regeneration. Vitamin E and phenols protect your sensitive skin from harmful environmental influences. Ellagic acid and fruity extracts from strawberry seeds make your complexion shine.

 

The follicular phase (day 6-11)

The follicular phase begins when your period ends. The estrogen level rises, which is also reflected in your skin: the impurities disappear, your complexion looks fresh and glowing. the Luceo Booster contains valuable oils that give your skin energy and enhance your glow.

 

The ovulation phase (day 12-16)

Estrogen production peaks around the time of ovulation. During this phase you may notice that you feel completely at ease and that you go through life with self-confidence and full of energy. Your skin is doing well now too: its protective barrier is strengthened thanks to the increased estrogen and pimples and blackheads are at their lowest at this stage - you are literally glowing. During this phase, your skin will glow by itself. the Nuus Booster with isoflavones from the organic red clover extract has an antioxidant effect and now strengthens it for the forthcoming luteal phase.

 

The luteal phase (day 17-28)

The luteal phase follows ovulation. During this time, your body produces more testosterone again, causing your skin to become oilier. The production of sebum leads to clogged pores and causes skin imperfections. The increased androgen level also promotes mood swings and feelings of tiredness and exhaustion. the Fendica Booster balances the increased oil production in this phase with natural polyphenols. The antioxidants have an anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effect and thus reduce impurities.

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Tatiana Frick